About the cost of law school in the US
It reminded me of this short article by George C. Leef (think tank Pope Center for Higher Education Policy ), “Why Law School Costs so Much” (2003), in which the author uses the figures of a report reporting an average debt of more than US $ 84,000 (approx. 71,500 euros) per student right out of his law school .
What is particularly interesting in this paper is the explanation given by George C. Leef high cost of law school in the United States.
According to him, the cost is mainly due to requirements of the American Bar Association , which requires a specification (on infrastructure, the workload of teachers, the minimum investment in libraries, etc.) extremely costly for faculties wishing to be approved by it. But this approval is crucial for law schools since since 1921, citing the need to provide a high level of qualification of lawyers the benefit of litigants, the American Bar Association has come to be adopted by almost all states fédérés des textes obligeant les candidats du bar exam à être diplômés de facultés dotées de l'”agrément ABA” (et contrairement à la France, le bar exam , équivalent de notre CAPA, est l’objectif de la grande majorité des étudiants en droit aux Etats-Unis).
Added to this is the cycle of three years of study that ABA was also able to make it compulsory, leading of course to the student a greater cost for a shorter cycle.
But in reality, for Leef, the real concern for the ABA since 1921 is none other than maximum protection practitioners against the entry of new competitors , in order to maintain the average level of the highest possible fees :
“(…) In truth, consumer welfare HAD little to do with the ABA’s motivation Many lawyers Were Complaining of excessive competition That Kept fees lower than They Thought They shoulds be, and the ABA simply wanted to restrict supply in order to raise the price. a renowned member of the legal profession, Richard Posner, hAS likened the ABA’s move to the formation of a legal guild to restrict entry and limited competition as much as possible. “
The first under the cost of education would therefore constitute a barrier to entry on the right market.
A questionable but courageous point of view.